Lynn's articles & videos:
Philadelphia, PA
215-629-3553 landline
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Jan 12, 2021: Protocol For Honest Elections - America’s Nontransparent Voting System Is ‘De Facto’ Fraud by Lynn Landes

Jan 27, 2020: OP-ED News: Be A Protectionist & Bridge The Political Divide

Jan 23, 2017: OP-ED News: Open Letter To President Donald Trump - Support Paper Ballots and Hand Counts at Local Polling Precincts and Cover Letter & Open Letter (Docs)

Nov 5, 2016: Can FBI Director James Comey Be That Clueless About Our Easily Rigged Electronic Elections? But Don't Trust DHS!

Nov 3,16: FBI-Clinton Investigation Impacts Four Presidents

Oct 14,16: Why this progressive, environmentalist, and activist woman will vote for Trump

Aug 2, 2016: Read report on how the primary elections were rigged for Hillary Clinton, particularly using the voting machines, and how Bernie really won -- Watch video how Bernie may have won the Democratic Primary

Nov 8, 15: A Post-Election Attitude Check - Malaise is Not an Island in the Pacific!

Sep 11-12,10: NYC -- Lynn will be in the first panel, starts at 1:00 pm

Jan 22, 10: Massachusetts 'Deja Vu' Senate Race  - Questionable Counts & Speedy Concessions

Jun 08, 09: Should I.N.N. and Free Speech TV (FSTV) Get Back Together?

Feb 8, 08: Why doesn't the Department of Justice (DOJ) investigate electronic vote fraud?  Is it that DOJ and the FBI have long been involved in it, themselves?  Read: The 1987 Leonard Gates Deposition -- Gates, a Cincinnati Bell employee for 23 years, testified that in the late 1970's and 80's, the FBI assisted telephone companies with hacking into mainframe election computers in cities across the country. The first election Gates provided the hack for was in 1979, see  PLUS... 1985 Background Material from Jim Condit, Jr. and also see: DOJ & FBI complicity

Jan 10, 08: There's a History of Suspected Vote Fraud In NH - Forget 'Official Recounts', Do Citizen Audits

Dec. 22, 07: Lynn's Affidavit for National Clean Elections lawsuit

Mar 12, 07: The “Voter Confidence” Bill. IT’S CONFUSING - Electronic Tallies Can Still Trump Paper Ballots on Election Day

Feb, 07: Florida Gov. Crist's suggestion that ballot scanners are the answer to touchscreen machines is a cynical ploy.  State officials plan to use ES&S ballot markers plus ballot scanners. No hand count.  Both machines are computers and can be easily programmed to rig an election. Florida also has a law on the books that the electronic tally, not a hand count, will be the official election result in the case of a recount.  In addition, counties that used ballot scanners in the 2004 presidential election showed a massive and highly suspicious crossover vote from Democratic voters (and other parties) to Bush.  Bush posted vote totals of 200%, 300%, 400%, and in one county 600% over Republican registration.  See the chart - Florida

Feb 07: Rush Holt's bill HB 811 is very disappointing.  Check out Nancy Tobi's comments.  My full review coming soon. We need Kucinich to re-introduce HB 6200, paper ballots, hand-counts only.

Jan 15, 07: The Landes Report To Congress On Voting - A call for total transparency in voting, Open Voting. Rescind laws that allow voting by machines, absentee, early, and secret ballot.

Nov 14, 06: Dems! Why Elect Majority Leader By 'Secret Ballot'?

Nov 6, 06: RED ALERT - Will Cheney be hunting fowl or orchestrating election results?  Cheney's hunting destination (South Dakota) is next door to Nebraska and Offutt Air Force Base - home of ES&S, the nation's largest counter of our votes. ES&S CEO Bill Welsh was profiled in the University of Tulsa Magazine, Fall 2001. An interesting excerpt: "Given the fundamental importance and the logistical complexity of elections, Welsh and company leave nothing to chance: they had four business jets and two turboprops on standby; as well as more than 1,000 temporary employees, some drawn from Offutt Air Force Base in Omaha, Nebraska.ES&S staff were ready to be anywhere at a moment's notice to help iron out unexpected kinks." Comment: Why does ES&S go to an air force base for temporary personnel? 

Nov 2, 06: URGENT! Candidates Advised To 'Citizen Audit' Race Before Conceding

Aug 21, 06: Caught On Tape, The Fix Is In, news release  /  postcard

Apr 4, 06:  Supreme Court refuses to hear Lynn's case, lets stand lower court decision which denied Landes standing & allowed costs against voting rights activist

Jan 30, 06: Landes Lawsuit Reaches U.S. Supreme Court

Nov 4, 05: Scrap the "Secret" Ballot - Return to Open Voting

Jun 23, 05: Paper Ballots and Hand Counts ONLY (no machines, no audits, no absentees, no early voting)

Mar 29, 05: Lynn files appeal to Third Circuit Court on her lawsuit against voting machines & absentee ballots - 


Mar 14, 05: Democrats!  Paper “Trails” Aren’t Good Enough.  Count The Damn Ballots! 

Mar 3, 05: Exit Poll Madness - Analyst Steve Freeman & Company Offer False Choice - this article got lots of reaction - See Dave Dodge and Kathy Dopp.

Feb 26, 05: Oakland, CA - Lynn gives speech at teach-in organized by http://www.democraticre

Feb 14, 05: The biggest problem with VIVA 2005 election reform bill by Ensign that is being pushed by Ballot Integrity is that is calls for audits rather than our constitutional right to have every vote counted. 

Jan 18, 05: Plan B: Organize Parallel Elections & Signed Ballots

Jan 5, 05: Did Networks Fake Exit Polls, While AP 'Accessed' 2,995 Mainframe Computers?

Dec 11, 04: Voting Rights Groups 'Block' Talk of Machine-Free Elections

Dec 6, 04: Lynn submits written testimony to Rep. Conyers hearing.

Dec 6, 04: Machine-Free Election solution is Winning Poll on!

Dec 4, 04: Lynn speaks at rally in Columbus, Ohio sponsored by CASEohio, urges civil disobedience option

Nov 27, 04: Lynn is invited to send message to 3rd Panhelladic Conference in Athens, Greece

Nov 23, 04: Lynn files appeal to Third Circuit Court

Nov 19, 04: Coalition's  Support of Voting Machines Causes ConfusionNov 13: Lynn speaks at hearings in Columbus, OH sponsored by CASEohio

Nov 04, 04: Lynn's chart on  Florida 2004 election

Oct 31, 04: If This Election Is Stolen, will it be by enough to stop a recount?

Oct 26, 04: Landes submits brief to United States Supreme Court - This is a long shot, but I felt I had to do something. Lynn

Oct 22, 04: Could the Associated Press (AP) Rig the Election?

May 10, 04: Federal Commission Nixes Talk of Paper-Only Elections - Stacks Panel With Proponents of Paperless Touchscreens

Apr 27, 04: Two Voting Companies & Two Brothers Will Count 80% of U.S. Election

Apr 13, 04: Republicans Walk Out Of Federal Hearing On Voting Machines - While Some Civil Rights Groups Support 'Paperless' Elections

Apr 6, 04: Faking Democracy - Americans Don't Vote, Machines Do, & Ballot Printers Can't Fix That

Mar 10, 04: Philadelphia Hearing on Electronic Voting

Feb 10, 04: Questions Mount Over New Hampshire's Primary

Jan 12, 04: Democrats Send Mixed Signals in Voting Technology Debate - approved the use of Internet voting in 2000 Arizona primary and 2004 Michigan primary.

Dec 15, 03: NIST Ignores Scientific Method for Voting Technology
Oct 2, 03: Republicans and Brits Will Count California's Recall Votes / California recall election: Voting systems - by county

Oct 2, 03: Lynn submits comments to U.S. Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit for Susan Marie Weber case. 

Sep 17, 03: Lynn Landes submits comments to U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on ACLU Foundation of Southern California case

Sept 7, 03: Philadelphia Forum on 'Voting Technology & Democracy' Landes speech / press release

Aug 27, 03: Internet Voting - The End of Democracy?

Aug 18, 03: Voting Machine Fiasco: SAIC, VoteHere and Diebold...Scam To Vet Voting Software?

Aug 1, 03: Computer Voting Expert Ousted From Elections Conference

Jul 16, 03: Offshore Company Captures Online Military Vote

Apr 14, 03: Voting Machines Violate Constitution - Who Will Launch Legal Challenge?

Jan 20, 03: Suspicion Surrounds Voter News Service

Nov 26, 02: Mission Impossible - Federal Observers & Voting Machines

Nov 8, 02: 2002 Elections: Republican Voting Machines, Election Irregularities, and "Way-Off" Poll Results

Oct 28, 02: It's A High-Tech Ambush - Just Say "No" To Voting Machines / PR Newswire press release

Sep 23, 02: Election Night Projections - A Cover For Vote Rigging Since 1964? 

Sep 16, 02: Elections In America - Assume Crooks Are In Control

Aug 5, 02: The Nightmare Scenario Is Here - Computer Voting With No Paper Trail  


Danaher VP Matthew Lilly
admits that they can easily rig
an election
at 11/02/05 PA Exam




Lynn's 2007

In 2020 I appeared on news casts featuring Congressman Nadler in 2004 discussing paper ballots! LOL

Lynn's INN interview with Stealing America Vote by Vote director, Dorothy Fadiman! August 1, 2008  (I'm in the movie and the trailer)

Whistleblower Clint Curtis

Video interview of VoteScam,
The Stealing of America author,
James Collier

Whistleblower Chris Hood: video

Whistleblower Stephen Spoonamore

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Whistleblower Gates: 1987 Deposition of Cincinnati Bell employee: 1970's to 80's, FBI &  phone companies hacked into election computers (video pending)

Bill Moyer's interview of Mark Crispin Miller:

John Silvestro (LHS) programs most ballot scanners for New England video


Cong. King (R-NY)
before '04 election:




Democracy Demands Transparency, Not Trust

Voting is the bedrock of democracy. And democracy demands transparency, not trust. Yet, there is no real transparency to the way Americans vote today. State and federal governments have codified and legalized election fraud by allowing, if not mandating secret, non-transparent voting systems that prohibit direct access to a paper ballot and meaningful public oversight of the voting process. For the sake of 'convenience', we have destroyed the 'integrity' of our elections. It began over 160 years ago. (read full SUMMARY below)





  • Ballot box
  • Paper ballots
  • Hand counts
  • Local polling station
  • Poll workers from all parties
  • Poll watchers from all parties
  • Updated voter registration book
  • Voters marking their paper ballots
  • Voters with state photo IDs & signature
  • Casting & counting ballots on Election Day only



  • Secret ballot
  • Early voting
  • Repair voting
  • Mail-in voting
  • Absentee voting
  • Electronic voting
  • Ballot harvesting
  • Ballot drop boxes
  • Computerized voting
  • Computerized vote counting


  • All election days (including primary elections) should be holidays and/or time off to vote.

  • Municipalities should provide free transportation to the polls for the disabled.

  • For those who cannot make it to the polls on Election Day due to disability, designated teams of poll workers together with poll watchers can visit places such as nursing homes on Election Day in order to conduct onsite voting and deliver the ballots to the local polling station to be counted on that same day, thereby maintaining transparency and chain-of-custody requirements.  Similarly, polls could be set up at embassies, consulates, and military bases for citizens living overseas.

  • And for those who don’t believe we can get enough people to count ballots, election officials have every right to draft citizens into service, as is done with jury duty. 

  • Registration Offices should post special Saturday hours once a month at the Voter Registration Office, plus provide IDs-On-Wheels for those who cannot make it to the Registration Office due to their disability or job.

  • Registration should be closed one month before an election in order to verify that the registrations are legitimate and the records up-to-date.

  • Develop a formula of registered voters per poll divided by the number of poll workers needed to get ballots counted on election day; the length of ballot also needs to be factored in.


  • Ban "AT LARGE" town council candidates as it results in over-representation by the majority party.

  • Ban gerrymandering by using a static grid.


VOTERS - GO TO THE POLLS ON ELECTION DAY! DON'T VOTE EARLY, MAIL, ABSENTEE, OR PROVISIONAL BALLOT. Also, confirm your voter registration at least one month before any election and bring proof of registration (copy or card) and state or driver's license ID.

CONGRESS & STATE LEGISLATURES - PASS the "Protocol for Honest Elections", see below. Although it would be difficult to convince the public that the "secret ballot" is a very bad idea, everything else on the list will get wide public support.

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS - STOP the unconstitutional use of nontransparent voting systems (computers, mail-in, drop box, etc.).

STATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL & CANDIDATES - SUE in court to stop the use of nontransparent voting systems, as there is no effective way to observe the voting process.

CITIZEN - RUN "CITIZEN AUDITS" at polls as a check against official results

CANDIDATES - NEVER CONCEDE!  No candidate should ever concede an election, under the circumstances of nontransparent elections.


There is no transparency to our current voting system. Under the U.S. Constitution and case law, qualified citizens have two constitutional rights: 1) to vote, and 2) to have their votes counted properly.  For that right to be enforced by federal and state authorities, the voting process must be observable. 

U.S. elections are not transparent or observable. When Congress and state governments opened the door to increased voting rights, 'convenient' access, and secret ballots, they closed the door to effective transparency and meaningful oversight of the voting process. Now we have computer voting, early and mail-in voting, drop boxes, and electronic voting for the military...taken together they have destroyed any semblance of election integrity or legitimacy. Things weren't always this way. 

BEFORE the Civil War, voting was a completely transparent process.  It was only during the Civil War, as the right to vote expanded to African Americans, that the voting process itself began to recede from public view and meaningful oversight.  It started with absentee voting for soldiers only in the 1860’s, secret ballots in the 1880’s, and voting machines in the 1890’s.  Today in America, more than 50% of all voting is by absentee, mail, or early, 95% of all votes are machine-processed, and 100% of all ballots are secret and anonymous. For the sake of convenience and 'alleged' voter protection, Congress has destroyed the transparency, verifiability, and integrity of America’s voting process. 

The 'secret ballot' is a 'blank check' for vote fraud. It has had the biggest negative impact on our ability to truly verify election results. While our politicians are required to vote publicly and openly, we citizens are held to a different standard - a lower standard.  We vote remotely, privately and anonymously by machine, absentee, early, and secret ballot. It's an invitation to massive and undetectable vote fraud.  That is why, there should be only one standard of voting for both our political representatives and voters. All voting should be open and public - no machines, no absentee, no early voting, and no secret ballots. Secret ballots are really anonymous ballots that corrupt election officials can count any way they want. Why one standard of voting for politicians and another for the public?  Under current circumstances, the only thing candidates and voters can do  to find out how citizens really voted is to conduct their own CITIZEN AUDITS.  

Making matters worse, our public voting system has been privatized and outsourced to a handful of domestic, foreign, and multi-national corporations. For the most part, our elections are counted by 3 major companies (ES&S, Dominion, and Hart Intercivic) whose owner(s) and/or technical staff could easily rig voting machines manually or wirelessly (either touchscreens or ballot readers); these companies and/or their subcontractors could also rig elections while inputting the candidates’ names for each new election, or simply write the software to tabulate more votes for one party over the other. See 2005 video: Danaher VP admits that they can rig an election

Can't we detect vote fraud through exit polls?  The major news networks refuse to report on vote fraud and have been implicated in it. Exit polling is conducted by one organization, currently called the National Election Pool (NEP), that is hired by the major news networks and the Associated Press. Since they first started "projecting" election night winners in 1964, at the same time computerized ballot scanners came into use, the major news networks have never provided any 'hard' evidence that they actually conducted any exit polls, at all.  In other words, the major news corporations broadcast their own pre-election surveys based on anonymous sources, collect vote totals on Election Day in a manner they refuse to disclose, and back-up those results with their own exit polls based on more anonymous sources.  The late authors of the book, VoteScam: The Stealing of America, James M. Collier and Kenneth E. Collier, concluded that some of the major news networks, including the polling organization that they hire for election night reporting, have been complicit in vote fraud.

In America, less than 1% of votes are hand-counted-paper-ballots at the polls on Election Day. Neither government-controlled audits nor official recounts (both can occur days or even weeks after the election) provide sufficient transparency to detect widespread election fraud by voting machines companies and/or election officials.  Moreover, the U.S. Justice Department (DOJ), under the 38-year reign of Craig C. Donsanto, refuses to seriously  investigate or prosecute electronic vote fraud. 

“If you did it right, no one would ever know,” said Craig C. Donsanto, head of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Election Crimes Branch, Public Integrity Section (from 1970-2010) in a July 4,1989 Los Angeles Times article about electronic voting machines and vote fraud. (See DOJ & FBI complicity))At the highest levels, both political parties, the U.S. government, Big Tech, and major news media are well aware of this situation because they are complicit in it. (See Exit Polls) At the very least, election counting should be local and consist of only paper ballots and hand counts at the local polling precincts on election day - no machines, no computers, no absentee, no mail-in, and no emails. See Paper Ballots

For those who cannot make it to the polls on Election Day, designated teams of poll workers together with poll watchers should visit places such as nursing homes in order to conduct onsite elections and deliver those ballots to the local polling station to be counted on that day, Election Day, maintaining transparency and chain-of-custody requirements.  Similarly, polls could be set up at embassies, consulates, and military bases for citizens living overseas. And for those who don’t believe we can get enough people to count ballots, election officials have every right to draft citizens into service, as is done with jury duty. Hand counting isn’t rocket science. Other countries around the world do it for their elections.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS: (Some of the information below is NOT up-to-date)

  1. Don't some voters need these machines, such as non-English language voters and disabled voters?  No.  Voters who want a ballot in their own language should be able to order such a ballot in advance of any election.  Secondly, voting machines present the same violation of voting rights for disabled voters.  And contrary to popular belief, the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) does not require election officials to purchase electronic voting machines.  Besides, anecdotal evidence suggests that these machines are difficult for the disabled to use.  Election officials and voting machine companies admit that it takes the sight-impaired voters ten times longer to use a touchscreen machine than able-bodied voters.  However, there is a way for the sight-impaired to vote privately and independently.  They can use tactile paper ballot with audio assistance.  Tactile ballots are used around the world and in some states such as Rhode Island.  Unfortunately, many disabled voters are unaware of these kinds of ballots.  That may not be an accident.  Two organizations for the blind, The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) and The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), are ardent supporters of paperless touchscreen voting machines.  They also have received over $1 million dollars from the voting machine industry, according to news reports.

  2. Can you conduct Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) using paper ballots?  First, I do not support IRV or proportional voting because they are unnecessary, complicated, and cannot be easily observed.  But, yes,  Britain, Ireland, and Australia have used paper ballots to conduct Instant Run-Off Voting.  However, some advocates of IRV are aggressively promoting the idea that voting machines are necessary. Regarding proportional voting, it is the wrong answer to the obvious problem presented by "at-large" elections where the winners take all.  Instead, political entities (such as townships) should be divided into voting districts (which many already are), thereby allowing the development of Democratic, Republican, etc. strongholds which could result in more equitable representation.

  3. Aren't machines faster than a hand count and isn't that important?  They should be, but often they're not.  Machines breakdown routinely, thereby taking longer to report election results.  In Maryland in the 2004 election, 9% of machines observed by a voting rights group, broke down.  Essentially, a speedy hand count is based on a sufficient number of poll workers per number of registered voters and the length of the ballot.  Canada uses 2 election officials per approximately 500 registered voters.  In addition, election officials don't need to depend on volunteers.  Citizens can be drafted to work at the polls on Election Day, as is done routinely with jury duty.  The right to direct access to a ballot and meaningful public oversight of the process supersedes the perceived convenience of voting machines. 

  4. What about states that have really long ballots, including initiatives and referendum?  Most countries keep their ballots brief. The initiative/referendum movement is called Direct Democracy.  However, it is really an end-run around the legislature.  Some activists think this is a good idea, but others disagree.  California's ballot has become a nightmare.  Clearly, those with the money get their issues on the ballot. And consider this.  The initiative/referendum movement allows those who control the voting machines to also control which candidates win and what legislation gets passed. 

  5. Aren't voting machines more accurate than a hand count?  There is no way to know. There is no way to test the accuracy of voting machines during the actual voting process on Election Day.  Citizens vote in secret.  The machines count those votes in secret.  If ballot scanners are used, then election officials can run an audit to check accuracy.  But, few states require audits.  Even with an audit, election officials decide where and when the audits occur.  Public participation and oversight is not meaningful. Any test done prior or after an election cannot ensure that during the election the machine did not manipulate votes, either by accident or design.  The accuracy of voting machines is often correlated with the number of overvotes and undervotes it records.  One could have nothing to do with the other.  There is no way to know the intention of the voter, or if a voting machine is filling in votes that the voter deliberately left blank. Although a lever and touchscreen machine can prevent overvotes, all in all, "The difference between the best performing and worst performing technologies is as much as 2 percent of ballots cast. Surprisingly, paper ballots—the oldest technology—show the best performance." This is the finding of two Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) political science professors, Dr. Stephen Ansolabehere and Dr. Charles Stewart III, in a September 25, 2002 study entitled, Voting Technology and Uncounted Votes in the United States.

  6. Which is more expensive, voting by machine or paper?  For legitimate elections, expense can never be a consideration.  That said, paper is cheap and requires no special servicing, storage, or trained personnel, while a single voting machines can cost thousands of dollars and require servicing, storage, and trained personnel.  Furthermore, election officials never need to rely on volunteers to staff the polls.  Citizens can always be drafted as they are for jury duty, at little or no cost to the tax payer. 

  7.  If someone wins by a large enough margin, isn't that a sign that the election wasn't rigged?  No. It only stands to reason that if someone is going to rig an election, it will be done by a sufficient number of votes to avoid triggering a recount. Otherwise, this could happen: In August of 2002, in Clay county Kansas, Jerry Mayo lost a close race for county commissioner, garnering 48% of the vote, but a hand recount revealed May won by a landslide, earning 76% of the vote.

  8. If the voting machines are being used at my polling precinct, is it better to vote by absentee?   Most absentee ballots are not counted by hand, but instead scanned by computers. The same corporations that dominate the touchscreen market, also control the ballot scanners.  In addition, some counties, like King County Washington, have even outsourced the mailing of their absentee ballots to private industry. 

  9. Doesn't the federal government regulate the voting machine industry?  No. There is no federal agency charged with regulatory oversight of the elections industry. There are no restrictions on who can count our votes. Anyone from anywhere can count our votes.

  10. Can a voting machine company be owned by foreigners and run by felons? (This information may be out of date) Yes. Sequoia is the third largest voting machine company in America and was or is owned by a British-based company, De La Rue. Diebold is the second largest voting machine company in the country. It counts about 35% of all votes in America.  Diebold employed 5 convicted felons as senior managers and developers to help write the central compiler computer code that counted 50% of the votes in 30 states. Jeff Dean, Diebold's Senior Vice-President and senior programmer on Diebold's central compiler code, was convicted of 23 counts of felony theft in the first degree. Dean was convicted of planting back doors in his software and using a "high degree of sophistication" to evade detection over a period of 2 years. see: fraud & irregularities

  11. Isn't that a threat to national security? Yes.

  12. What was the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) all about? It established the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) to distribute billions of dollars to the states to upgrade their voting systems, but failed to mandate any meaningful standards. 

  13. Doesn't the federal government certify the voting machines?  No. The federal government has a loose set of technical guidelines for voting machines that are voluntary and may be actually harmful.  The Federal Voting Systems Standards (FVSS) used by the three NASED's approved Independent Test Authorities (ITA) to "certify" companies are outmoded guidelines and voluntary, and not all states have adopted them.  According to industry observers, the FVSS guidelines allow one in ten machines to fail.  There is no enforcement of these guidelines, such as they are. 

  14. Who, then, certifies the nation's voting machines? (This information may be out of date) The FEC coordinates with the industry-funded National Association of State Election Directors (NASED), a private non-profit group, to have machines inspected certified by industry-funded private contractors.  NASED selects and approves the testing laboratories. Only prototypes of the machines and software are available for a very superficial inspection.  The inspection is conducted by three private companies who are not themselves subject to any regulation.  Technical Issues & Standards  "An unelected person named R. Doug Lewis runs a private non-profit organization called "The Electio

17. But, wouldn't it take a vast number of people to rig an election?  Not with today's technology.  One programmer working at either ES&S or Diebold could write code that could manipulate votes across the country.  If a voting machine has computer components, it can be rigged or accessed through the firmware, software, wireless, modem, telephone, and simple electricity.  Main tabulating computers can be rigged in a similar fashion. Lever voting machine are also easily rigged, although it would be more labor intensive. Still, anyone with the keys to the county warehouse where the machines are stored could rig the machines. Labels can be switched, gears shaved, odometers preset, or printouts preprinted.

18. Can't we detect vote fraud through exit polls?  Exit polling is conducted by one organization that is hired by the major news networks and the Associated Press.  Since they first started "projecting" election night winners in 1964, the major news networks have never provided any 'hard' evidence that they actually conducted any exit polls, at all.  The late authors of the book, VoteScam: The Stealing of America, concluded that some of the major news networks, including the polling organization that they hire for election night reporting, have been complicit in vote fraud. see: exit polls

19. If someone wins by a large enough margin, isn't that a sign that the election wasn't rigged?  No. It only stands to reason that if someone is going to rig an election, it will be done by a sufficient number of votes to avoid triggering a recount. Otherwise, this could happen: In August of 2002, in Clay county Kansas, Jerry Mayo lost a close race for county commissioner, garnering 48% of the vote, but a hand recount revealed May won by a landslide, earning 76% of the vote. (page 45)

20. Aren't you just a conspiracy theorist?  No. I'm a conspiracy expert. Election officials have outsourced and privatized a uniquely public function. Corporations have gained near total control over the process of voting. Corporations also control the process of reporting exit polls.   Both processes are completely non-transparent.