Lynn Landes 
 The Landes Report ...
For Lynn's bio and other websites, blog, etc. go to /  / 215-629-3553

CITIZEN AUDITS list of election fraud & irregularities
exit polls
voting companies legal stuff  technical stuff  paper ballots disabled voters news, groups, experts, books,
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Editor: This is a good website for research, but it is dated.

(view on one webpage)

Compilation of Lynn's articles, speeches, and lawsuit from 2002-2008 (112-page document, page layout: 1"right&left, .8" top&bottom)

2007 Report to Congress

Lynn's federal lawsuit (2004-2006)

For latest news:


Feb 8: Why doesn't the Department of Justice (DOJ) investigate electronic vote fraud?  Is it that DOJ and the FBI have long been involved in it, themselves?  Read: The 1987 Leonard Gates Deposition -- Gates, a Cincinnati Bell employee for 23 years, testified that in the late 1970's and 80's, the FBI assisted telephone companies with hacking into mainframe election computers in cities across the country. The first election Gates provided the hack for was in 1979, see http://www.sos.state.oh.

PLUS...    1985 Background Material from Jim Condit, Jr. and also see: DOJ & FBI

Jan 10: There's a History of Suspected Vote Fraud In NH - Forget 'Official Recounts', Do Citizen Audits


Dec. 22: Lynn's Affidavit for National Clean Elections lawsuit

Mar 12: The “Voter Confidence” Bill. IT’S CONFUSING - Electronic Tallies Can Still Trump Paper Ballots on Election Day

Feb: Florida Gov. Crist's suggestion that ballot scanners are the answer to touchscreen machines is a cynical ploy.  State officials plan to use ES&S ballot markers plus ballot scanners. No hand count.  Both machines are computers and can be easily programmed to rig an election. Florida also has a law on the books that the electronic tally, not a hand count, will be the official election result in the case of a recount.  In addition, counties that used ballot scanners in the 2004 presidential election showed a massive and highly suspicious crossover vote from Democratic voters (and other parties) to Bush.  Bush posted vote totals of 200%, 300%, 400%, and in one county 600% over Republican registration.  See the chart - Florida

Feb: Rush Holt's bill HB 811 is very disappointing.  Check out Nancy Tobi's comments.  My full review coming soon. We need Kucinich to re-introduce HB 6200, paper ballots, hand-counts only.

Jan 15: The Landes Report To Congress On Voting - A call for total transparency in voting, Open Voting. Rescind laws that allow voting by machines, absentee, early, and secret ballot.


Nov 14: Dems! Why Elect Majority Leader By 'Secret Ballot'?

Nov 6: RED ALERT - Will Cheney be hunting fowl or orchestrating election results?  Cheney's hunting destination (South Dakota) is next door to Nebraska and Offutt Air Force Base - home of ES&S, the nation's largest counter of our votes. ES&S CEO Bill Welsh was profiled in the University of Tulsa Magazine, Fall 2001. An interesting excerpt: "Given the fundamental importance and the logistical complexity of elections, Welsh and company leave nothing to chance: they had four business jets and two turboprops on standby; as well as more than 1,000 temporary employees, some drawn from Offutt Air Force Base in Omaha, Nebraska.ES&S staff were ready to be anywhere at a moment's notice to help iron out unexpected kinks." Comment: Why does ES&S go to an air force base for temporary personnel? 

Nov 2: URGENT! Candidates Advised To 'Citizen Audit' Race Before Conceding

Aug 21: Caught On Tape, The Fix Is In, news release  /  postcard

Apr 4:  Supreme Court refuses to hear Lynn's case, lets stand lower court decision which denied Landes  standing & allowed costs against voting rights activist

Jan 30: Landes Lawsuit Reaches U.S. Supreme Court


Nov 4: Scrap the "Secret" Ballot - Return to Open Voting

Sep 28:  Do Feds Secretly Control The States' Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC)?

Sep 14: Hurricane Katrina - Who are the 75,000 body bags for? 

Sep 3:  American Meltdown - Get Ready For Next Un-Natural Disaster

Jun 23: Paper Ballots and Hand Counts ONLY (no machines, no audits, no absentees, no early voting)


Mar 29: Lynn filed appeals in  3RD Circuit Court in Philadelphia


Mar 14: Democrats!  Paper Trails Aren’t Good Enough.  Count The Damn Ballots! 

Mar 3: Exit Poll Madness - Analyst Steve Freeman & Company Offer False Choice - this article got lots of reaction - See Dave Dodge and Kathy Dopp.

Feb 26: Oakland, CA - Lynn gives speech at teach-in organized by http://www.democraticre

Feb 14: The biggest problem with VIVA 2005 election reform bill by Ensign that is being pushed by Ballot Integrity is that is calls for audits rather than our constitutional right to have every vote counted. 

Jan 18: Plan B: Organize Parallel Elections & Signed Ballots

Jan 5: Did Networks Fake Exit Polls, While AP 'Accessed' 2,995 Mainframe Computers?


Dec 11: Voting Rights Groups 'Block' Talk of Machine-Free Elections

Dec 6: Lynn submits written testimony to Rep. Conyers hearing.

Dec 6: Machine-Free Election solution is Winning Poll on!

Dec 4: Lynn speaks at rally in Columbus, Ohio sponsored by CASEohio, urges civil disobedience option

Nov 27: Lynn is invited to send message to 3rd Panhelladic Conference in Athens, Greece

Nov 23: Lynn files appeal to Third Circuit Court

Nov 19: Coalition's  Support of Voting Machines Causes ConfusionNov 13: Lynn speaks at hearings in Columbus, OH sponsored by CASEohio

Nov 04: Lynn's chart on  Florida 2004 election

Oct 31: If This Election Is Stolen, will it be by enough to stop a recount?

Oct 26: Landes submits brief to United States Supreme Court - This is a long shot, but I felt I had to do something. Lynn

Oct 22: Could the Associated Press (AP) Rig the Election?


May 10: Federal Commission Nixes Talk of Paper-Only Elections - Stacks Panel With Proponents of Paperless Touchscreens


Apr 27: Two Voting Companies & Two Brothers Will Count 80% of U.S. Election


Apr 13: Republicans Walk Out Of Federal Hearing On Voting Machines - While Some Civil Rights Groups Support 'Paperless' Elections


Apr 6: Faking Democracy - Americans Don't Vote, Machines Do, & Ballot Printers Can't Fix That


Mar 10: Philadelphia Hearing on Electronic Voting


Feb 10: Questions Mount Over New Hampshire's Primary


Jan 12: Democrats Send Mixed Signals in Voting Technology Debate - approved the use of Internet voting in 2000 Arizona primary and 2004 Michigan primary.




Dec 15: NIST Ignores Scientific Method for Voting Technology


Oct 2: Republicans and Brits Will Count California's Recall Votes / California recall election: Voting systems - by county


Oct 2: Lynn submits comments to U.S. Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit for Susan Marie Weber case. 


Sep 17: Lynn Landes submits comments to U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on ACLU Foundation of Southern California case


Sept 7: Philadelphia Forum on 'Voting Technology & Democracy' Landes speech / press release


Aug 27: Internet Voting - The End of Democracy?


Aug 18: Voting Machine Fiasco: SAIC, VoteHere and Diebold...Scam To Vet Voting Software?


Aug 1: Computer Voting Expert Ousted From Elections Conference


Jul 16: Offshore Company Captures Online Military Vote


Apr 14: Voting Machines Violate Constitution - Who Will Launch Legal Challenge?


Jan 20: Suspicion Surrounds Voter News Service



Nov 26: Mission Impossible - Federal Observers & Voting Machines

Nov 8: 2002 Elections: Republican Voting Machines, Election Irregularities, and "Way-Off" Poll Results

Oct 28: It's A High-Tech Ambush - Just Say "No" To Voting Machines / PR Newswire press release

Sep 23: Election Night Projections - A Cover For Vote Rigging Since 1964? 

Sep 16: Elections In America - Assume Crooks Are In Control

Aug 5: The Nightmare Scenario Is Here - Computer Voting With No Paper Trail  

Oct 13, 2016: My advice for this presidential election is for each of the candidates to establish a national online voter audit that includes the voter's choice for president, plus their name, address, and email (optional).

The Case For Open Voting

Democracy demands transparency, not trust -
Sign up and be counted

There is no transparency to our current voting system.  Congress has legalized election fraud by allowing, if not mandating, non-transparent voting systems that prohibit direct access to a paper ballot and meaningful public oversight:

  • ABSENTEE VOTING (1870’s)

  • SECRET BALLOT (1880’s)

  • VOTING MACHINES (1890’s)

I believe that there should be only one standard of voting for both our political representatives and voters. I believe that all voting should be open and public - no machines, no absentee or early voting, and no secret ballots.  Secret ballots are really an anonymous ballots that corrupt election officials can count any way they want. Why one standard of voting for politicians and another for the public?

Under current circumstances, the only thing candidates and voters can do  to find out how citizens really voted is to conduct their own CITIZEN AUDITS.


Lynn Landes 

Aug 2, 2016: Read report on how the primary elections were rigged for Hillary Clinton, particularly using the voting machines, and how Bernie really won -- -- There's a long history of computer vote fraud (easily done by the 2 companies that count most of the votes) AND altered exit polls (by the major news networks) which favors the conservative side of both the Dems and GOP. - See - Paper ballots, no machines, and parallel election audits is one way to verify election results, otherwise Donald Trump is a sitting duck, like Bernie. Both parties' top dogs have long been aware of this issue, and we can only assume by their inaction, that they are complicit in it. Look at who sits on the boards of the voting machine companies - all part of the global shadow government - one can assume.

Watch video how Bernie actually won the Democratic Primary - 

SUMMATION: This is how, for all practical purposes, America’s voting process became completely nontransparent and highly vulnerable to vote fraud by a relatively small group of people.


Voting is the linchpin of democracy.  And democracy demands transparency, not trust. Yet, there is no real transparency to the way Americans vote today.  While our politicians are required to vote publicly and openly, we citizens are held to a different standard - a lower standard.  We vote remotely, privately and anonymously by machine, absentee, early, and secret ballot.   It's an invitation to massive and undetectable vote fraud.  Things weren't always this way. 

BEFORE the Civil War, voting was a completely transparent process.  It was only AFTER the Civil War, as the right to vote expanded to African Americans, that the voting process itself began to recede from public view and meaningful oversight.  It started with absentee voting in the 1870’s, secret ballots in the 1880’s, and voting machines in the 1890’s.  Today in America, 50% of all voting is by absentee or early, 95% of all votes are machine-processed, and 100% of all ballots are secret and anonymous. For the sake of convenience and 'alleged' voter protection, Congress has destroyed the transparency, verifiability, and integrity of America’s voting process. 

Making matters worse, our public voting system has been privatized and outsourced to a handful of domestic, foreign, and multi-national corporations, most of whom have close ties to the right wing of the Republican Party. Just two companies, ES&S and Diebold, started by two brothers, Bob and Todd Urosevich, electronically process (using touchscreen machines or optical scanners), 80% of all votes.  Their employees are in a perfect position to rig elections nation-wide. And evidence is mounting that elections in America have been computer programmed to prefer conservative candidates of both political parties. 

In America, less than 1% of votes are hand-counted-paper-ballots at the polls on Election Day. Neither government-controlled audits nor official recounts (both can occur days or even weeks after the election) provide sufficient transparency to detect widespread election fraud by voting machines companies and/or election officials.  Moreover, the U.S. Justice Department (DOJ), under the 38-year reign of Craig C. Donsanto, refuses to seriously  investigate or prosecute electronic vote fraud. 

Can't we detect vote fraud through exit polls?  The major news networks refuse to report on vote fraud and may be implicated in it.  Exit polling is conducted by one organization, currently called the National Election Pool (NEP), that is hired by the major news networks and the Associated Press.  Since they first started "projecting" election night winners in 1964, at the same time computerized ballot scanners came into use, the major news networks have never provided any 'hard' evidence that they actually conducted any exit polls, at all.  In other words, the major news corporations broadcast their own pre-election surveys based on anonymous sources, collect vote totals on Election Day in a manner they refuse to disclose, and back-up those results with their own exit polls based on more anonymous sources.  The late authors of the book, VoteScam: The Stealing of America, James M. Collier and Kenneth E. Collier, concluded that some of the major news networks, including the polling organization that they hire for election night reporting, have been complicit in vote fraud.

Under the U.S. Constitution and case law, qualified citizens have two constitutional rights: 1) to vote, and 2) to have their votes counted properly.  For that right to be enforced by federal and state authorities, the voting process must be observable. 


  1. Is there any evidence that voting machines have been rigged?  Yes. Lots of it.  An extensive history of voting machine irregularities can be found in the following:

  2. Has anyone confessed to rigging voting machines?  Yes.

    The easiest way to rig elections nationwide is for voting machine company-insiders to program the firmware (permanently installed software in touchscreens and ballot scanners) to favor one political party over another. That way they don't need to know the candidates' names nor their position on the ballot. They can even rig the top of the ticket only, in which case the winning candidate can claim a crossover vote in a opposing party's district, as may have happened in Florida 2004 - See Lynn's data table

  3. Don't some voters need these machines, such as non-English language voters and disabled voters?  No.  Voters who want a ballot in their own language should be able to order such a ballot in advance of any election.  Secondly, voting machines present the same violation of voting rights for disabled voters.  And contrary to popular belief, the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) does not require election officials to purchase electronic voting machines.  Besides, anecdotal evidence suggests that these machines are difficult for the disabled to use.  Election officials and voting machine companies admit that it takes the sight-impaired voters ten times longer to use a touchscreen machine than able-bodied voters.  However, there is a way for the sight-impaired to vote privately and independently.  They can use tactile paper ballot with audio assistance.  Tactile ballots are used around the world and in some states such as Rhode Island.  Unfortunately, many disabled voters are unaware of these kinds of ballots.  That may not be an accident.  Two organizations for the blind, The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) and The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), are ardent supporters of paperless touchscreen voting machines.  They also have received over $1 million dollars from the voting machine industry, according to news reports.

  4. Can you conduct Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) using paper ballots?  First, I do not support IRV or proportional voting because they are unnecessary, complicated, and cannot be easily observed.  But, yes,  Britain, Ireland, and Australia have used paper ballots to conduct Instant Run-Off Voting.  However, some advocates of IRV are aggressively promoting the idea that voting machines are necessary. Regarding proportional voting, it is the wrong answer to the obvious problem presented by "at-large" elections where the winners take all.  Instead, political entities (such as townships) should be divided into voting districts (which many already are), thereby allowing the development of Democratic, Republican, etc. strongholds which could result in more equitable representation.

  5. Aren't machines faster than a hand count and isn't that important?  They should be, but often they're not.  Machines breakdown routinely, thereby taking longer to report election results.  In Maryland in the 2004 election, 9% of machines observed by a voting rights group, broke down.  Essentially, a speedy hand count is based on a sufficient number of poll workers per number of registered voters and the length of the ballot.  Canada uses 2 election officials per approximately 500 registered voters.  In addition, election officials don't need to depend on volunteers.  Citizens can be drafted to work at the polls on Election Day, as is done routinely with jury duty.  The right to direct access to a ballot and meaningful public oversight of the process supersedes the perceived convenience of voting machines. 

  6. What about states that have really long ballots, including initiatives and referendum?  Most countries keep their ballots brief.  For instance, in America state and local judges could be elected by legislative bodies instead of the voters. But, there are other issues.  The initiative/referendum movement is called Direct Democracy.  However, it is really an end-run around the legislature.  Some activists think this is a good idea, but others disagree.  California's ballot has become a nightmare.  Clearly, those with the money get their issues on the ballot. And consider this.  The initiative/referendum movement allows those who control the voting machines to also control which candidates win and what legislation gets passed. 

  7. Aren't voting machines more accurate than a hand count?  There is no way to know. There is no way to test the accuracy of voting machines during the actual voting process on Election Day.  Citizens vote in secret.  The machines count those votes in secret.  If ballot scanners are used, then election officials can run an audit to check accuracy.  But, few states require audits.  Even with an audit, election officials decide where and when the audits occur.  Public participation and oversight is not meaningful. Any test done prior or after an election cannot ensure that during the election the machine did not manipulate votes, either by accident or design.  The accuracy of voting machines is often correlated with the number of overvotes and undervotes it records.  One could have nothing to do with the other.  There is no way to know the intention of the voter, or if a voting machine is filling in votes that the voter deliberately left blank. Although a lever and touchscreen machine can prevent overvotes, all in all, "The difference between the best performing and worst performing technologies is as much as 2 percent of ballots cast. Surprisingly, paper ballots—the oldest technology—show the best performance." This is the finding of two Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) political science professors, Dr. Stephen Ansolabehere and Dr. Charles Stewart III, in a September 25, 2002 study entitled, Voting Technology and Uncounted Votes in the United States.

  8. Which is more expensive, voting by machine or paper?  For legitimate elections, expense can never be a consideration.  That said, paper is cheap and requires no special servicing, storage, or trained personnel, while a single voting machines can cost thousands of dollars and require servicing, storage, and trained personnel.  Furthermore, election officials never need to rely on volunteers to staff the polls.  Citizens can always be drafted as they are for jury duty, at little or no cost to the tax payer. 

  9.  If someone wins by a large enough margin, isn't that a sign that the election wasn't rigged?  No. It only stands to reason that if someone is going to rig an election, it will be done by a sufficient number of votes to avoid triggering a recount. Otherwise, this could happen: In August of 2002, in Clay county Kansas, Jerry Mayo lost a close race for county commissioner, garnering 48% of the vote, but a hand recount revealed May won by a landslide, earning 76% of the vote.

  10. If the voting machines are being used at my polling precinct, is it better to vote by absentee?   Most absentee ballots are not counted by hand, but instead scanned by computers. The same corporations (ES&S, Diebold, Sequoia, etc) that dominate the touchscreen market, also control the ballot scanners.  In addition, some counties, like King County Washington, have even outsourced the mailing of their absentee ballots to private industry. 

  11. Can't elections be rigged by stuffing ballot boxes, as well?  Yes, but it is a detectable kind of vote fraud, whereas voting by machine, early or absentee is nearly impossible to detect.  The problem of stuffed ballot boxes may be more fiction than fact.  In his book, The Right To Vote, The Contested History of Democracy in the United States, Alexander Keyssar, of the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, writes, "...recent studies have found that claims of widespread corruption were grounded almost entirely in sweeping, highly emotional allegations backed by anecdotes and little systematic investigation or evidence. Paul Kleppner, among others, has concluded that what is most striking is not how many, but how few documented cases of electoral fraud can be found. Most elections appear to have been honestly conducted: ballot-box stuffing, bribery, and intimidation were the exception, not the rule."

  12. Doesn't the federal government regulate the voting machine industry?  No. There is no federal agency charged with regulatory oversight of the elections industry. There are no restrictions on who can count our votes. Anyone from anywhere can count our votes. The Federal Election Commission (FEC) doesn't even publish a complete list of all the voting technology companies whose business it is to count Americans' votes.   see: voting companies info

  13. Can a voting machine company be owned by foreigners and run by felons?  Yes. Sequoia is the third largest voting machine company in America and is owned by a British-based company, De La Rue. Diebold is the second largest voting machine company in the country. It counts about 35% of all votes in America.  Diebold employed 5 convicted felons as senior managers and developers to help write the central compiler computer code that counted 50% of the votes in 30 states. Jeff Dean, Diebold's Senior Vice-President and senior programmer on Diebold's central compiler code, was convicted of 23 counts of felony theft in the first degree. Dean was convicted of planting back doors in his software and using a "high degree of sophistication" to evade detection over a period of 2 years. see: fraud & irregularities

  14. Isn't that a threat to national security? Yes.

  15. What was the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) all about? It established the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) to distribute billions of dollars to the states to upgrade their voting systems, but failed to mandate any meaningful standards. 

  16. Doesn't the federal government certify the voting machines?  No. The federal government has a loose set of technical guidelines for voting machines that are voluntary and may be actually harmful.  The Federal Voting Systems Standards (FVSS) used by the three NASED's approved Independent Test Authorities (ITA) to "certify" companies are outmoded guidelines and voluntary, and not all states have adopted them.  According to industry observers, the FVSS guidelines allow one in ten machines to fail.  There is no enforcement of these guidelines, such as they are. 

  17. Who, then, certifies the nation's voting machines? The FEC coordinates with the industry-funded National Association of State Election Directors (NASED), a private non-profit group, to have machines inspected certified by industry-funded private contractors.  NASED selects and approves the testing laboratories. Only prototypes of the machines and software are available for a very superficial inspection.  The inspection is conducted by three private companies who are not themselves subject to any regulation.  Technical Issues & Standards  "An unelected person named R. Doug Lewis runs a private non-profit organization called "The Election Center."

    Lewis is possibly the most powerful man in the U.S., influencing election procedures and voting systems, yet he is vague about his credentials and no one seems to be quite sure who hired him or how he came to oversee such vast electoral functions. Lewis organized the National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS, now heavily funded by voting machine vendors); he also organized the National Association of State Election Directors (NASED) and, through them, Lewis told (author Bev) Harris he helps certify the certifiers."  "Wyle Laboratories is the most talked-about voting machine certifier, probably because it is the biggest, but in fact, Wyle quit certifying voting machine software in 1996. It does test hardware: Can you drop it off a truck? Does it stand up to rain? Software testing and certification is done by Shawn Southworth. When Ciber quit certifying in 1996, it was taken over by Nichols Research, and Southworth was in charge of testing. Nichols Research stopped doing the testing, and it was taken over by PSInet, where Southworth did the testing. PSInet went under, and testing functions were taken over by Metamore, where Southworth did the testing. Metamore dumped it, and it was taken over by Ciber, where Southworth does the testing. Here is a photo of Shawn Southworth:"


meet Shawn Southworth
the industry guy who "certifies" America's voting technology

17. But, wouldn't it take a vast number of people to rig an election?  Not with today's technology.  One programmer working at either ES&S or Diebold could write code that could manipulate votes across the country.  If a voting machine has computer components, it can be rigged or accessed through the firmware, software, wireless, modem, telephone, and simple electricity.  Main tabulating computers can be rigged in a similar fashion. Lever voting machine are also easily rigged, although it would be more labor intensive. Still, anyone with the keys to the county warehouse where the machines are stored could rig the machines. Labels can be switched, gears shaved, odometers preset, or printouts preprinted.

18. Can't we detect vote fraud through exit polls?  Exit polling is conducted by one organization that is hired by the major news networks and the Associated Press.  Since they first started "projecting" election night winners in 1964, the major news networks have never provided any 'hard' evidence that they actually conducted any exit polls, at all.  The late authors of the book, VoteScam: The Stealing of America, concluded that some of the major news networks, including the polling organization that they hire for election night reporting, have been complicit in vote fraud. see: exit polls

19. If someone wins by a large enough margin, isn't that a sign that the election wasn't rigged?  No. It only stands to reason that if someone is going to rig an election, it will be done by a sufficient number of votes to avoid triggering a recount. Otherwise, this could happen: In August of 2002, in Clay county Kansas, Jerry Mayo lost a close race for county commissioner, garnering 48% of the vote, but a hand recount revealed May won by a landslide, earning 76% of the vote. (page 45)

20. Aren't you just a conspiracy theorist?  No. In the words of Greg Palast, "I'm a conspiracy expert."  Election officials have outsourced and privatized a uniquely public function. Corporations have gained near total control over the process of voting. Corporations also control the process of reporting exit polls.   Both processes are completely non-transparent. 

For Lynn's bio and other websites, blog, etc. go to  / 215-629-3553




Audit polls on Election Day
& afterward video


Jan 18, 2010 -
MA Senate race

Whistleblower Clint Curtis: video

Interview of VoteScam author


Dangers of straight party voting.
11/02/05 PA Exam of Danaher
(vp Matthew Lilly): video

Whistleblower Chris Hood: video

Whistleblower Stephen Spoonamore
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Whistleblower Gates: 1987 Deposition of Cincinnati Bell employee: 1970's to 80's, FBI &  phone companies hacked into election computers (video pending)

Bill Moyer's interview of Mark Crispin Miller: video

John Silvestro (LHS) programs most ballot scanners for New England video and news

A CLASSIC! Cong. King (R-NY)
before '04 election:

more videos...


 The Onion "Diebold"  video

Comedy Central

Diebold video / WV 2008 article!